artists' acrylic brand comparisons / single pigment paints

October 4, 2015

acrylic paint brand comparisons

 


Winsor Newton Professional M. Graham Artists' Utrecht Artists' Lascaux Artist Lascaux Studio Lascaux Aquacryl Schminke Primacryl Tri-Art Finest Nova Golden Heavy Chroma Atelier Interactive Liquitex Professional Maimeri Brera Sennelier Abstract Charvin Extra Fine
total colors in brand line 74 50 52 54 54 24 83 91 56 109 71 92 68 36 106
single pigment colors in brand line 62 (84%) 36 (72%) 33 (63%) 33 (61%) 14 (25%) 17 (71%) 50 (60%) 55 (60%) 33 (59%) 62 (57%) 37 (52%) 46 (50%) 34 (50%) 17 (47%) 24 (22%)
  60ml tube, 200ml tube, 237ml jar
2oz (59ml), 5oz (150ml) tubes
59ml (2oz), 150ml (5oz), 473ml (16oz), 3700ml (gallon) 45ml tube , 200ml tube , 750ml bottle 85ml , 250ml (GC only), 500ml 85ml
60ml tube, 120ml jar
4oz (118ml), 16oz (473ml), 32oz (946ml) 2oz (59ml) tube, 8oz (236ml) jar, 32oz (946ml) jar 80ml tube, 250ml jar, 1000ml jar
2oz (59ml) tube, 4.65oz (138ml) tube, 32oz (946ml) jar 60ml
120ml, 500ml
60ml, 150ml
hue pigment number handprint
lightfastness test results

pigment; common name; lightfast comments; normal qualities color name
(marketing)
opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
(marketing)
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost color name
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opacity ASTM cents per ml / cost
  red PR3 X   beta naphthol red; alternatives: PR254, PR255, PR112; not recommended for permanent art                                                                                                                        
    PR9 X   naphthol AS red; (fades, becomes transparent); alternatives: PR254, PR255, PR112; artiscreation lightfast II; bright yellowish red, blue/pink undertone                                 (in naples rose) O II   permanent red T II 0.219/18.65                                 naphthol red light T I .094/7.55
.089/22.38
.067/67.15
naphthol red light S I .137/8.11                        
    PR149 6,6 perylene scarlet; perylene scarlet; lightfast caution, (darkens when exposed but retains hue); blueish red perylene red T I .219/13.19
.140/28.19
                                                                                                               
    PR207 ? dichloroquinacridone; quinacradone scarlet; no handprint entry; artiscreation lightfast I (fades, becomes transparent); yellowish red                                                 madder brilliant ST II                   quinacridone red light T I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
                                       
     PR209  7,8 quinacridone red; quinacridone red; (fades, hue shifts toward blueish); pinkish to mid-red quinacridone red T I .179/10.79 quinacridone red T I .143/8.49                                                                         quinacridone red T I .163/9.65 quinacridone red S I .183/10.98                
    PR214 6,7 disazo condensation red; scheveningen red deep; (dulls, fades); dark medium red                                                                                                                        
    PR254 6,7,8 diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole red; pyrrol red / permanent red; mix of quinacridone rose PV19 + naphthol scarlet PR188; cadmium substitute;(fades, hue shift toward blue); Ferrari red pyrrole red O I .219/13.19 pyrrol red SO I .143/8.49         pyrrole red S I .288/12.98
.181/36.28
.109/82.48
bright red SO I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
                transparent pyrrole red medium T I --
.146/17.70
pyrrole red T I .048/5.75
.028/13.25
.024/23.00
pyrrole red SO I .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
pyrrole red O I .075/6.04
.031/17.90
pyrrole red O I .224/13.22
.169/23.44
pyrrole red T I .183/10.98 cad red light hue S I .039/4.79        
pyrrol red medium O I --
.226/27.13
    PR260 8,8 isoindoline scarlet; vermillion; bright light yellow-shade red, extreme lightfastness                                                                                                                        
  earth red PO65 7,8 methin nickel complex; much less brown than PR175, and tending toward PR176 in masstone; dull red orange, brightens in tints, mixes well with phthalos; ASTM I-II                                                                                                                        
    PR101 7,8   calcinated synthetic red iron oxide; venetian red, indian red, burnt sienna, anything mars, other names: dull earth orange, earth red or brown; lightfast by brand; exists in almost any shade of yellow, orange, red and violet brown to green brown burnt sienna T I .104/6.29
.074/14.87
transparent red oxide T I .111/6.57 burnt sienna S I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
transoxide red T I .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.082/61.73
        transozide red T I 0.219/18.65 translucent
brown oxide
T I   transparent red oxide T I --
.133/16.06
transparent red iron oxide T I .061/7.25
.036/17.50
.033/31.51
tranparent red iron oxide T I .132/7.83
.084/19.94
.064/61.45
transparent red oxide T I .082/6.61
.063/15.83
.047/47.48
transparent burnt sienna T I .163/9.65
.126/17.49
                       
red iron oxide O I .104/6.29 terra rosa O I .090/5.34 oxide red light O I .195/8.80
--
.099/74.62
english red O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
        burnt sienna SO I   transparent brown T I --
.146/17.70
venetian / iron oxide red O I .041/4.95
.024/11.50
.020/19.50
red oxide O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
light red ochre O I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
                red ochre O I .133/7.99
.077/11.69
venetian red O I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
red iron oxide O I   red oxide O I .109/6.59
.083/10.07
indian red oxide O I .082/6.61
.063/15.83
        mars red O I .126/7.56
violet iron oxide O I .104/6.29                 oxide red deep O I .195/8.80
--
.099/74.62
                                mars / iron oxide violet O I .038/4.50
.021/10.00
.017/17.00
violet oxide O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
mars violet O I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
                       
    PR175 8,8 benzimidazolone red; roughly in between the value, saturation and hue of perylene maroon (PR179) and quinacridone maroon (PR206); useful in landscape, portrait/figure; brownish deep red                                                                                 permanent brown madder T I .094/7.55
.089/22.38
                               
    PR206 7,8 quinacridone maroon; very close to the hue of the traditional and fugitive pigment brown madder; (fades, dulls); botanicals, portraits, or landscapes; similar to alizarin in chroma and transparency; but red brown in mass tone with orange undertone quinacridone burnt orange T I .219/13.19                                         madder brown T I                   quinacridone burnt orange ST I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
        quinacridone burnt orange T I .163/9.65 quinacridone orange T I .183/10.98                
    PR233 ?   chrome aluminum stannate; no handprint lightfast test; artiscreation I; may contain lead as modifier, but WN does not potter's pink SO NT (AA) .179/10.79                                                                                                                
  orange red PR48 X   beta oxynaphtholic acid scarlet; alternatives: PR188, PR242; artiscreation III                                                                                                                        
    PR106 X   mercuric sulfide; (darkens); alternatives: PR188; rumored to be more permanent with resin mediums                                                                                                                        
    PR112 6,7,8   naphthol AS-D red; naphthol/permanent red; M. Graham is lightfast, other brands may not be; use PR255 instead; ASTM rated I (fades, darkens, dulls) naphthol red light ST II .129/7.79
.083/16.67
naphthol red SO II .116/6.87
.093/14.07
naphthol red light S II .133/7.85
.102/15.34
.080/38.19
                                naphthol red light SO II .149/8.99
.133/16.06
        naphthol red light SO II .156/9.23
.106/25.19
.085/80.49
                        vermillion T II .039/4.79        
    PR168 6,7   anthraquinone scarlet; many names, twin to PR177; may be more lightfast with protective coating or medium                                                                                                 brilliant red light S I .183/10.98                
    PR188 6,7   naphthol AS BON arylamide; many names; caution only marginally lightfast by brand (darkens, dulls, fades slightly); use PR251, PR255 or PR108, PO73; opaque may be slightly more lightfast                                                                                                                        
    PR242 8,8 disazo condensation scarlet; french vermilion; slightly redder and darker than naphthol scarlet PR188, harder to handle in mixtures; bright yellowish red (fades, dulls, hue shift toward bluish)                                                                                                                        
    PR251 8,8   pyrazoloquinazolone scarlet; many names; similar to pyrrole scarlet PR255 or cadmium scarlet PR108; light bright red                                                                                                                        
    PR255 8,8 diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole scarlet; many names; better choice for a bright red than PR112; slightly yellower than PR254; cadmium substitute pyrrole red light O I .219/13.19                                         vermilion red O I   pyrolle red light O I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
        pyrrole red light SO I .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
                                       
  red orange PO13 ?   dichlorobenzidine; benzidine orange; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast II; bright reddish orange                                                                                                                 (in several paint mixtures)      
    PO36 8,8 benzimidazolone scarlet; many names; nearly identical to PO73, but mixes better; red shade scarlet orange                                                                                                                        
    PO43 7,6 perinone orange; perinone orange; (fades, darkens slightly); most lightfast in tints                 indo orange red S I .151/8.92                                                 vat orange ST I .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
                brilliant orange S I .126/7.56                
    PO67 6,6   pyrazoloquinazolone orange; coral orange; caution, marginally lightfast (darkens); to make, mix PO43 with small amount of transparent PR101; saturated red orange                                                 brilliant orange O II                                                                  
    PO71 7,6 diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole orange; very similar to PO67 but more transparent and slightly more lightfast (darkens); cadmium substitute; dull mid-orange                                                 translucent
orange
T I   transparent permanent orange T I --
.146/17.70
        transparent pyrrole orange T NA .156/9.23
.106/25.19
.085/80.49
                                       
    PO73 7,8 diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole orange; strong recommendation for versatility, higher chroma and tinting strength than PO36; excellent lightfastness (fades in tints); cadmium substitute pyrrole orange ST NT (A) .219/13.19                 pyrrole orange S I .288/12.98
.181/36.28
.109/82.48
                        pyrrole orange O I .233/13.98
.197/23.65
organic orange S I .065/7.75
.040/19.25
.036/34.50
pyrrole orange ST NA .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
transparent parinone orange T I .082/6.61
.063/15.83
pyrrole orange S NR .224/13.22
.169/23.44
        cad red orange hue S NR .039/4.79        
    PR1081 7,8   1cadmium sulfoselenide; a mix orange packaged as "cadmium red orange" or "cadmium yellow orange", not as lightfast (lightens, hue shift toward yellow)                         cadmium orange deep O I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                                                                cadmium red orange O I .183/10.98                
  earth orange PBr71 8,8   1calcinated natural iron oxide; burnt sienna; to get the optimal transparency and chroma, some companies opt for synthetic iron oxides, listed as burnt sienna or transparent red iron oxide under PR101.                                                         burnt sienna SO I --
.083/10.07
burnt sienna O I .031/3.75
.017/8.50
.015/14.50
burnt sienna O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
burnt sienna S I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
.035/35.23
burnt sienna O I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
                       
    PBr11 8,8   magnesium ferrite; similar to many burnt siennas; reddish brown                                                                                                                        
    PO48 7,8 quinacridone orange; quinacridone burnt orange; unique hue, deep golden reddish orange                                                                                                                        
    PR102 6,8   calcinated natural red iron oxide; yellow ochre burnt; moderately dull earth orange: almost any shade of yellow, orange, red and violet brown to green brown, texture varies widely light red SO I .104/6.29                                                                                                                
    PY119 8,8   zinc magnesium ferrite; caramel brown, yellower than a burnt sienna but much warmer than an ochre, that shifts in tints to a hue resembling gold ochre; dull yellow to brownish                                                                                                                        
  brown PBr6 6,8   calcinated synthetic iron oxide; various names; created as synthetic to PBr7; almost any shade of yellow, orange, red and violet brown to green brown                         oxide brown medium O I .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.082/61.73
oxide brown light O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
        brown iron
oxide
O I                   mars yellow O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
                                       
oxide brown deep O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
    PBr72 8,8   2natural iron manganese oxide; raw umber; hue ranges by brand raw umber light T I .104/6.29 raw umber SO I .090/5.34
.072/10.86
raw umber O I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
                        raw umber ST I   raw umber O I --
.083/10.07
raw umber dark O I .031/3.75
.017/8.50
.015/14.50
raw umber O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
raw umber yellowish* S I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
raw umber O I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
                       
raw umber O I .104/6.29
.074/14.87
raw umber S I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
    PBr73 8,8   3calcinated natural iron manganese oxide; burnt umber; hue ranges by brand burnt umber O I .104/6.29
.074/4.87
burnt umber SO I .090/5.34
.072/10.86
burnt umber O I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
                        natural burnt
umber
SO I   burnt umber SO I --
.083/10.07
burnt umber O I .031/3.75
.017/8.50
.015/14.50
burnt umber O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
burnt umber S I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
burnt umber O I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
                       
    PBr25 8,8 benzimidazolone brown; permanent brown; for landscape and portrait; rich brown, great for glazing; deep red-violet brown                                                                                         van dyke red S NR .137/8.11                        
    PBr33 8,8   zinc iron chromite; walnut brown; dark brown to reddish brown                                                                                                                        
    PBr41 7,8 disazo condensation brown; almost identical to PBr25; very yellowish to reddish brown                                                                                                                        
    NBr8 X   coal; use PBk6                                                                                                                        
  orange PO5 X   beta naphthol scarlet; alternatives: PO20, PO70, PO43; (fades); artiscreation II-III                                                                                 vermillion S II .082/6.61
.063/15.83
                               
    PO20 8,8   cadmium sulfoselenide; cadmium orange; for lower cost consider PO62 or PO73; (fades when exposed to very damp conditions and excessive light) cadmium orange O I .219/13.19 cadmium orange O I .196/11.61 cadmium orange pure O I .209/12.37
.150/22.57
.129/61.28
cadmium orange light O I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                cadmium orange O I   c.p. cadmium orange O I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
        cadmium orange SO I .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
cadmium orange O I .132/10.63
.114/28.72
cadmium orange O I .224/13.22                 cadmium orange genuine O I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
cadmium yellow deep pure O I .209/12.37 cadmium orange medium O I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                cadmium yellow deep O I  
cadmium
red light
O I  
    PO34 X   dizazopyrazolone orange; alternatives: PO20, PO70, PO43; (fades); lightfastness may be better in the redder, more opaque grades; bright orange to orange red                                 (in naples orange) O II                                                                                  
    PO62 6,7,8 benzimidazolone orange H5G; many names; lightfast by brand, pigment itself is artiscreation I; yellowish orange varieties are more transparent                                                                                                                        
    PO69 X   isoindoline orange; lightfast only in masstone (darkens in masstone, fades in tints); saturated red orange                                                                                                                        
  yellow orange PY110 7,8 isoindolinone yellow R; many names; optimal choice for a deep yellow paint, superior to PY153; light, deep yellow with red undertone; extreme lightfastness                                         permanent yellow T I 0.219/18.65         indian yellow T I --
.168/20.17
                                                       
    PY139 8,8 isoindoline yellow; perm yellow deep; similar to PY153 but predictable in mixtures; artiscreation I-II; extreme lightfastness; indian yellow alternative                         diarylide yellow S II .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.082/61.73
                                                        indian yellow T I .224/13.22
.104/14.48
                       
  earth yellow PBr74 8,8   4natural iron oxide; raw sienna; hue, chroma and value varies substantially across manufacturers; can be greenish dark brown close to a yellow ochre, a warm light brown, a toffee brown, a middle grayish brown, or a brown brown; in modern formulations may have permanency problems (yellow change) raw sienna T I .104/6.29
.074/14.87
raw sienna ST I .090/5.34
.072/10.86
raw sienna O I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
                        natural green
earth
ST II   raw sienna SO I --
.083/10.07
                raw sienna dark S I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
raw sienna O I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
                       
    PBr24 8,8   chrome titanium oxide; naples yellow deep; less saturated than (but exactly the same hue as) hansa yellow deep (PY65); light yellowish to reddish brown to light golden orange naples yellow deep O NT (AA) .129/7.79                         gold ochre O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
        naples yellow
deep
O I                                                                  
    PO49 7,8 quinacridone gold; quinacridone gold; alternative to gold ochre (PY42) and moderately dull yellows such as nickel azomethine yellow (PY150); unique hue, may be discontinued                                                                                                                        
    N/A (Y42) ?   iron oxide (organic); no handpring entry; light brown to dull light reddish yellow; lightfast according to artiscreation                                                                 transparent yellow iron oxide T I .057/6.75
.034/16.50
.030/29.00
                                               
    PY42 8,8   synthetic yellow iron oxide; yellow ochre; same hue as benzimida orange (PO62) at lower chroma; weaker tinting strength than PY43; varies in color gold ochre O I .104/6.29 transparent yellow oxide T I .111/6.57 yellow ochre O I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
oxide yellow O I .195/8.80
.129/25.90
.068/51.35
yellow ochre O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
transoxide yellow T I 0.219/18.65 light ochre SO I   transparent yellow oxide T I .136/8.19
.113/13.58
yellow ochre / iron oxide O I .031/3.75
.017/8.50
.015/14.50
tranparent yellow iron oxide T I .132/7.83
.084/19.94
.064/61.45
yellow ochre O I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
.035/35.23
transparent raw sienna T I .163/9.65
.126/17.49
quinacridone gold T I .183/10.98 yellow ochre O I .039/4.79 yellow ochre O I .133/7.99
.077/11.69
yellow iron oxide O I .104/6.29 transoxide yellow T I .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.115/86.39
iron oxide
yellow
O I   yellow oxide O I --
.083/10.07
yellow oxide O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
yellow oxide O I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
yellow ochre O I .126/7.56
    PY43 8,8   natural yellow iron oxide [limonite]; yellow ochre; deep yellow hue identical to nickel dioxine yellow (PY153); varies in color yellow ochre ST I .104/6.29
.074/14.87
yellow ochre O I .090/5.34
.072/10.86
                                                        yellow ochre O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
                                       
raw sienna SO I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
  orange yellow PY65 7,8   arylide yellow 3RN; hansa yellow deep; bright, light, highly saturated, deep reddish yellow azo yellow deep ST I .129/7.79
.083/16.67
                                                arylide yellow deep SO II .149/8.99
.133/16.06
                                                       
    PY83 7,8   diarylide yellow HR; yellow deep; lightly less orange than nickel dioxine yellow PY153; (slight darkening in masstone); O, S and T forms                 azo yellow orange T I .151/8.92                 (in permanent orange) T I                   indian yellow (azo yellow orange) T I .038/4.50
.021/10.00
.017/17.00
diarylide yellow ST I .177/10.49
.121/28.62
.096/91.41
        yellow orange azo T I .137/8.11         cad yellow deep hue S I .039/4.79 cadmium yellow deep hue S II .169/10.19
.104/15.69
    PY108 6,7   anthrapyrimidine yellow; many names; caution lightfastness (darkens, reddens)                                                                                                                        
    PY150 7,8 nickel azomethine yellow; transparent yellow, nickel azo yellow; similar to genuine gamboge NY24; (slight fading); deep dull reddish yellow, brightens in tints, mixes well with phthalos nickel azo yellow T NT (A) .179/10.79                                         translucent
golden yellow
T I   nickel azo yellow T I .071/11.39
.168/20.17
        nickel azo yellow T I .177/10.49
.121/28.62
.096/91.41
                                       
    PY153 7,8   nickel dioxine yellow; modern gamboge, indian yellow; bright, light, deep yellow, orange to brown undertone, brightens in tints, mixes well with phthalos; substitutes include PY35, PY65 and PY110, see also PY43                                                                                                                        
    PY216 ?   titanium zinc antimony stannate; same hue and lightness as PY150 but with a less saturated, opaque and whitish color, no handprint lightfast test; clean bright yellow to orange; artiscreation I                                                                                                                        
    NY24 X   garcinia gum resin; gamboge genuine;                                                                                                                        
  yellow PY1 X   arylide yellow G; alternatives: PY35, PY154                                                                                                                        
    PY34 X   lead chromate; alternatives: PY35, PY159                                                                                                                        
    PY35 8,8   cadmium zinc sulfide; cadmium yellow (greenish); (fades when exposed to very damp, very bright conditions) cadmium lemon O I .179/10.79 cadmium yellow light O I .196/11.61
.156/23.49
        cadmium yellow light O II .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                cadmium yellow light O I   c.p. cadmium yellow light O I .233/13.98
.197/23.65
        cadmium yellow primrose SO I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
cadmium yellow light O I .132/10.63
.114/28.72
cadmium yellow light O I .163/9.65 cadmium yellow lemon O I .183/10.98         cadmium yellow light genuine O I .169/10.19
.104/15.69
cadmium yellow light O I .179/10.79 cadmium yellow light SO I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
cadmium yellow light O I .183/10.98
cadmium yellow medium O I .179/10.79 cadmium yellow O I .196/11.61
.156/23.49
cadmium yellow medium O II .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                cadmium yellow medium O I   c.p. cadmium yellow medium O I .233/13.98
.197/23.65
cadmium yellow medium SO I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
cadmium yellow medium O I .163/9.65 cadmium yellow medium O I .183/10.98 cadmium lemon yellow genuine O I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
        cadmium yellow deep O I .196/11.61                                 c.p. cadmium yellow deep O I .233/13.98
.197/23.65
cadmium yellow dark SO I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
        cadmium yellow deep O I .183/10.98 cadmium yellow deep genuine O I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
    PY37 8,8   cadmium sulfide; cadmium yellow light (reddish); (fades when exposed to very damp, very bright conditions)                 cadmium yellow lemon pure S I .209/12.37
.163/24.57
                                                        cadmium yellow medium O I .132/10.63
.114/28.72
                               
cadmium yellow light pure O I .151/8.92
.116/17.43
.091/43.19
cadmium yellow medium pure O I .151/8.92
.116/17.43
.091/43.19
cadmium yellow deep O I .132/10.63
.114/28.72
    PY40 X   potassium cobaltinitrite; aureolin; (darkens, dulls, shifts to brown); alternatives: PY 151, PY97, PY150+PY153+PY110                                                                                                                        
    PY53 8,8   nickel titanium oxide; nickel titanate yellow; artiscreation I; pale, light greenish lemon yellow; (becomes more opaque); low tinting strength                                 naples yellow SO I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
        (in mixtures)                       titanate yellow SO I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
                                       
    PY74 ?   diarylide yellow HR; hansa yellow medium; no handprint lightfast test, moderate lighfastness (artiscreation II), light fastness is better in opaque; lightly less orange than PY153; good primary yellow for color mixing azo yellow medium SO I .129/7.79
.097/19.49
                                lascaux yellow T I 0.219/18.65         arylide yellow medium SO II --
.097/11.75
azo yellow medium T I .041/4.95
.023/11.25
.020/19.00
hansa yellow opaque ST I .143/8.46
.091/21.55
.071/67.75
transparent yellow T II .082/6.61
.063/15.83
yellow medium azo S I .137/8.11         primary yellow T I .039/4.79        
    PY97 6,7   arylide yellow FGL; many names; alternative to cadmium for cost or toxicity; moderate lightfastness (fades), artiscreation II; alternative to PY3 for primary                                                                                                 primary yellow S I .126/7.56                
    PY117 X   azomethine copper complex; alternatives: PY129                                                                                                                        
    PY138 7,7   quinophthalone yellow; permanent yellow; (lightens); the reddish yellow shade is extremely opaque, the greenish shade is transparent and has higher tinting strength                                                                                                                        
    PY151 7,8 benzimidazolone yellow; azo yellow, modern aureolin; very good "primary" yellow, leaning neither to red nor to green; resembles PY154; (browns slightly)                                                                                                                        
    PY154 7,8   benzimidazolone yellow H3G; many names; benzimidazolones have good tinting strength; used for primary yellow; artiscreation II-III; alternative to PY3 for primary                                                 brilliant yellow SO I                                                                  
    PY159 ?   zirconium praesodymium silicate; lemon yellow deep; no handprint lightfastness test; very light lemon yellow; artiscreation I                                                                                                                        
  green yellow PY3 5,6,7,8   arylide yellow 10G; hansa yellow light, lemon yellow; lightfast by brand, alternative is PY175; artiscreation I-II (darkens, fades, shifts to brown); PY97 and PY154 are more lightfast; primary yellow for shifting toward green lemon yellow ST II .129/7.79
.083/16.67
hansa yellow ST II .111/6.57 hansa yellow pale S II .133/7.85
.102/15.34
.080/38.19
hansa yellow S II .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.082/61.73
        lemon yellow T II 0.219/18.65 lemon yellow SO II   arylide yellow light SO II --
.097/11.75
hansa yellow light T II .041/4.95
.023/11.25
.020/19.00
hansa yellow light ST II .132/7.83
.084/19.94
.064/61.45
        yellow light hansa T II .104/6.15         cad.yellow lemon hue T II .039/4.79        
    PY73 ?   monoazo; arylamide; arylide yellow GX; no handprint entry, moderate lightfastness, though artiscreation rates lightfast I; bright green to mid shade yellow                 hansa yellow light T I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
                                                hansa yellow medium T I .132/7.83
.084/19.94
.064/61.45
                                       
azo yellow medium S I .151/8.92
    PY111 ?   monoazo; arylamide; hansa brilliant yellow; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast III; greenish yellow                                                                                                                 (in several paint mixtures)      
    PY129 7,8 azomethine copper complex; green gold; artiscreation lightfast I; more of a green than yellow; brightens in tints, mixes well with phthalos green gold T NT (A) .219/13.19 azo green T I .143/8.49                                                                         green gold T NR .224/13.22
.169/23.44
                       
    PY175 7,8 benzimidazolone yellow H6G; many names; preferred to hansa yellow light PY3 for lightfastness; bright light lemon yellow. greenish undertone                                                                                                 lemon yellow S I .126/7.56                
    PY184 6,7,8   bismuth vanadate; bismuth yellow; lightfast by brand (darkens), very good tinting strength; used as a substitute for cad yellow bismuth yellow O I .219/13.19                         lemon yellow O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
        vanadium
yellow light
O I   bismuth yellow light O I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
bismuth yellow S I .050/5.95
.030/14.25
.026/25.00
bismuth vanadate yellow SO I .246/14.55
.171/40.38
.136/129.56
        cadmium yellow light hue O I .163/9.65
.126/17.49
                       
bismuth yellow medium O I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
vanadium
yellow deep
O I   bismuth yellow deep O I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
    PY194 ? benzimidazolone yellow; no handprint entry; lightfast II on artiscreation; bright green yellow                                                                 arylide yellow T I .059/7.00
.036/17.25
.032/30.50
                                               
    PG10 7,7 azomethine nickel complex; PY117 and PY129 are darker, yellower and less intense; brightens in tints, mixes well with phthalos                                                                                                                        
  yellow green PG8 X   nitroso iron complex; hooker's green; alternative: PY3+PG7 or hooker's green convenience mixture                                                                                                                        
    PG17 8,8   anhydrous chromium sesquioxide; chromium oxide green; reproduce the same color and powdery pigment texture with a mixture of cobalt blue (PB28) or reddish cerulean blue (PB35) and a transparent yellow iron oxide (PY42); was ink on US currency; dull yellowish green to mid-green chromium oxide green O I .179/10.79         chromium oxide green O I .133/7.85
.102/15.34
.080/38.19
chrome oxide green O I .241/10.88
--
.111/83.90
                neutral grey O I   chrome oxide green O I --
.113/13.58
chromium oxide green O I .041/4.95
.024/11.50
.020/19.50
chromium oxide green O I .132/7.83
.084/19.94
.064/61.45
chromium green oxide O I .082/6.61
.063/15.83
chromium oxide green O I .137/8.11
--
.060/57.04
chrome oxide green O I .126/7.56         chromium oxide green O I .169/10.19
.104/15.69
chromium oxide green dark O I .132/7.83
.084/19.94
.064/61.45
    PG23 8,8   celadonite [green shade]; terre verte; historical color                                                                                                                        
    PG501 8,8   1cobalt titanium nickel zinc oxide; cobalt green (YS); tinting strength is weak                                                                                                                        
    PBk311 7,8 1perylene black; approximately the same hue as chromium oxide green (PG17), that becomes more apparent in tints; slight fading in the tint; intense very dark bluish green; for cool shadows and glazes perylene green ST NT (A) .219/13.19                                                                                                                
  green PG36 7,8 chlorobrominated copper phthalocyanine; many names / phthalo green; convenience green paints made with it can be far less lightfast if the yellow or orange pigment is not equally durable. Hue is very close to the psychological unique green; maximum chroma when moderately diluted; strong tint strength phthalo green YS T I .129/7.79                                 lascaux yellow green T I 0.219/18.65 phthalo green
YS
T I   phthalo green YS T I --
.133/16.06
phthalo green YS T I .048/5.75
.028/13.25
.024/23.00
phthalo green YS SO I .143/8.46
.091/21.55
.071/67.75
        phthalo green YS T I .104/6.15                        
  blue green PG7 7,8 chlorinated copper phthalocyanine; phthalo green (BS); twin to the yellow shade of phthalocyanine green (PG36) and cousin to the phthalo blues (PB15), like them, its tinting strength is very high; convenience green paints made with it can be far less lightfast if the yellow or orange pigment is not equally durable; maximum chroma when moderately diluted; fillers help control unusually strong color; (darkens, dulls) phthalo green BS T I .129/7.79 phthalocyanine green T I .116/6.87
.093/14.07
phthalocyanine green (BS) S I .133/7.85
.102/15.34
.080/38.19
phthalo green deep (PYG7) S I .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.115/86.39
        lascaux green T I 0.219/18.65 phthalo green
BS
T I   phthalo green (BS) T I --
.133/16.06
phthalo green T I .038/4.50
.021/10.25
.018/17.50
phthalo green BS O I .143/8.46
.091/21.55
.071/67.75
phthalo green T I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
phthalo green BS T I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
phthalo green S I .126/7.56 phthalo green S I .039/4.79 phthalo green blue T II .169/10.19
.104/15.69
viridian hue T I .116/6.87 transparent viridian hue T I .137/8.11
.104/14.48
    PG18 8,8   hydrous chromium sesquioxid; viridian, emerald green; tinting strength moderate to low                                                 chromium
oxide green
brilliant
ST I                                                                  
    PG19 8,8   cobalt zinc oxide; cobalt green; useful "earth green"; dull yellowish to bluish green                                                 oriental green O I                                                                  
    PG26 8,8   cobalt chrome oxide; cobalt green dark/deep; middle green for an "earth palette" of dull paints cobalt green deep SO I .179/10.79                         (in cobalt green light) O I           turmaline green O I   cobalt green SO I .096/5.79
.226/27.13
        cobalt green O I .143/8.46
.091/21.55
.071/67.75
                                       
    PG502 8,8   2cobalt titanium nickel zinc oxide; cobalt green (BS); very similar to viridian (PG18) but with a powdery texture similar to a cobalt blue and a slightly lighter value, more saturated and lighter valued than cobalt turquoise (PB36) cobalt green O I .219/13.19                 cobalt nickel green O I .288/12.98
--
.109/82.48
                                                        cobalt green O I .224/13.22                        
  green blue PG503 8,8   3cobalt titanium oxide; cobalt teal / turquoise; tinting strength is weak but produces striking colors, same hue as cobalt turquoise PB36 but at a higher lightness and chroma cobalt turquoise light O I .219/13.19                                         cobalt
turquoise
SO I   cobalt teal SO I --
.226/27.13
                cobalt turquoise light S I .170/13.64
.155/38.92
cobalt teal O I .224/13.22                        
    PB16 7,8 metal free phthalocyanine; turquoise green, phthalo turquoise; mix with PB29 or quinacridone violet (PV19) for some really celestial dark blues and blue violets; intense deep green blue in mass tone, greenish bright blue in shades phthalo turquoise T NT (A) .179/10.79                                                                                                                
    PB17 7,8 trisulphonated copper phthalocyanine; similar to green shade of phthalo blue (PB15:3), close to "primary" cyan                                                                                                                        
    PB33 8,8   barium manganate sulfate; manganese blue; no longer in production; may be affected by sodium and aluminium sulfates                                                                                                                        
    PB361 8,8   1cobalt magnesium oxide; cerulean blue, cobalt turqoise; dull shade of dark green blue; phthalocyanine turquoise (PB16) is darker but more saturated; useful to mute the hue of other paints, or to adjust the color temperature of related blues or greens cobalt turqoise O I .238/14.33                                                                 cerulean blue deep O I .246/14.55
.171/40.38
.136/129.56
        cobalt turqoise O I .224/13.22                        
cobalt turqoise O I .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
    PB15:31 8,8 1beta copper phthalocyanine; phthalo blue GS; powerful tint strength phthalo blue GS T I .129/7.79
.083/16.67
phthalocyanine blue T I .116/6.87
.093/14.07
phthalocyanine blue (GS) S I .133/7.85
.102/15.34
.080/38.19
                azure blue T I 0.219/18.65 phthalo blue
cyan
T I   phthalo blue GS T I --
.113/13.58
phthalo blue GS (115-D) T I .038/4.50
.021/10.00
.017/17.00
phthalo blue GS (PB15:4) SO I .143/8.46
.091/21.55
.071/67.75
phthalo blue T I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
.035/35.23
phthalo blue GS T I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
primary blue cyan T I .126/7.56         phthalo blue GS S I .193/11.59
.125/18.79
  blue PB152 6,7,8 PB15:1 alpha copper phthalocyanine; phthalo blue RS
PB15:6 epsilon copper phthalocyanine; phthalo blue RS
2PB15 differs significantly across manufacturers, primarily in hue; powerful tint strength, maximum chroma when moderately diluted; mixed with PG7 to produce turquoise convenience mixtures
phthalo blue RS (15:1) T I .129/7.79
.083/16.67
                phthalo blue deep (15:1) T I .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.082/61.73
        permanent blue T I 0.219/18.65         phthalo blue RS (15:1) T I .136/8.19
.113/13.58
phthalo blue RS T I .038/4.50
.021/10.00
.017/17.00
phthalo blue RS SO I .143/8.46
.091/21.55
.071/67.75
phthalo blue RS T I .082/6.61
.063/15.83
phthalo blue RS (15:6) T I .137/8.11
.104/14.48
phthalo blue (15:1) S I .126/7.56 primary blue S I .039/4.79 phthalo blue RS (15:1) S I .193/11.59
.125/18.79
    PB27 4,5,6,7,8   hydrous ferric ferrocyanide; ferriammonium ferrocyanide; prussian blue; lightfast by brand, fugitive when marketed as antwerp blue; can fade on contact with alkalis such as calcium carbonate, ammonia or bleach that can be used in paper; fades when mixed with any white pigment or extender, including titanium oxide; cyanide gas if heated to high temperatures or treated with acid or ultraviolet radiation                                                                                                                        
    PB28 7,8   cobalt aluminium oxide; cobalt blue; color and texture can be approximated by ultramarine (PB29) mixed with a small amount of phthalo blue (PB15:3); (whitens); cobalt blue O I .219/13.19
.140/28.19
cobalt blue ST I .196/11.61
.156/23.49
cobalt blue S I .209/12.37
.163/24.57
.129/61.28
cobalt blue S I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                cobalt blue
light
SO II   cobalt blue SO I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
cobalt blue O I .101/12.00
.064/30.50
.060/57.00
cobalt blue O I .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
cobalt blue S I .259/20.78
.240/60.14
cobalt blue O I .224/13.22
.169/23.44
.102/96.52
cobalt blue S I .191/11.46                
    PB35 8,8   cobalt chromium oxide; cerulean blue; some paint brands offer two shades of cerulean blue: the green shades are often darker valued (suggesting increased pigment load), and in all cobalt blues the color typically gets duller (less saturated) as the hue shifts toward green; useful to mute the hue of other paints, or to adjust the color temperature of related blues or greens cerulean blue O I .238/14.33
.159/31.85
                                                                                                        cobalt blue genuine S I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
                ceruleum genuine S I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
    PB36:12 ?   2zinc cobalt chrome aluminum; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast I; substituted for the historical genuine cerulean (PB35), but is often greener and brighter than PB35 with a higher tinting strength; excellent permanency and fastness to weather cerulean blue chromium O I .219/13.19 cerulean blue O I .196/11.61
.156/23.49
cerulean blue chromium O I .209/12.37
.163/24.57
.129/61.28
                                cerulean blue O I --
.197/23.65
        cerulean blue chromium SO I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
        cerulean blue O I .163/9.65
.126/17.49
.089/84.48
cerulean blue S I .191/11.46                
  violet blue PB29 7,8   sodium aluminum sulfosilicate; ultramarine blue; color match for the historical pigment lapis lazuli; avoid mixing with chrome yellow ultramarine blue T I .129/7.79
.083/16.67
ultramarine blue T I .111/6.57
.089/13.35
ultramarine blue S I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
ultramarine blue T I .241/10.88
.149/29.98
.082/61.73
        ultramarine blue T I 0.219/18.65 ultramarine
blue
T II   ultramarine blue classic T I .123/7.39
.090/10.91
ultramarine blue S I .031/3.75
.017/8.50
.015/14.50
ultramarine blue ST I .122/7.20
.078/18.47
.060/57.11
french ultramarine blue S I .082/6.61
.063/15.83
.047/47.48
        ultramarine blue S I .126/7.56 ultramarine blue T I .039/4.79 ultramarine blue T I .169/10.19
.104/15.69
    PB72 8,8   cobalt zinc aluminate; cobalt blue deep; all will fade if exposed to mild acids (acidic atmosphere, lemon juice or vinegar)                                                                                                                        
    PB73 8,8   cobalt silicate; cobalt blue deep; deep reddish navy cobalt blue deep SO I .238/14.33                                                                                                                
    PB74 8,8   cobalt zinc silicate; cobalt blue deep;                                                                                                                        
    NB N/A 8,8   lapis lazuli                                                                                                                        
  blue violet PB60 7,8 indanthrone [aminoanthraquinone + potassium hydroxide]; indanthrone blue; (fades, dulls); artiscreation I indantherene blue T I .179/10.79 anthraquinone blue T I .143/8.49         indanthrone blue S I .288/12.98
.181/36.28
.109/82.48
                delft blue T I           indanthrone blue T I .074/8.75
.047/22.25
.043/41.25
anthraquinone blue O I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
        indanthrene blue T I .163/9.65
.126/17.49
indanthrene blue S I .183/10.98                
    PV15 6,7,8   sodium aluminium sulfosilicate [blue violet shade]; ultramarine violet (BS); does not mix well with yellows, producing a lifeless gray; some tests have shown it to whiten slightly after a long period of time; artiscreation I ultramarine violet T I .129/7.79 ultramarine violet T I .111/6.57                                         ultraviolet BS T I --
.097/11.75
        ultramarine violet ST I .143/8.46
.091/21.55
.071/67.75
                                       
ultraviolet RS T I --
.097/11.75
    PV23 5,6,7,8   dioxazine violet; dioxazine purple; dull violet; reckless to use it in significant works without doing own lightfastness tests (fades); very close in hue, saturation and value to PB60; ASTM gives light fastness ratings for the RS of dioxazine as fair III and the BS as poor IV; use instead PV55 dioxazine purple T II .179/10.79
.114/22.91
dioxazine purple T II .116/6.87
.093/14.07
dioxazine purple T II .151/8.92
.116/17.43
.091/43.19
dioxazine violet deep S I .288/12.98         lascaux violet T I 0.219/18.65 translucent
violet
T I   dioxazine violet T I --
.146/17.70
carbazole dioxazine violet T II .059/7.00
.036/17.25
.032/30.50
dioxazine purple SO II .177/10.49
.121/28.62
.096/91.41
dioxazine purple T II .094/7.55
.089/22.38
dioxazine purple (PV23RS) T II .137/8.11
.104/14.48
.060/57.04
brilliant violet O I .126/7.56 purple S II .039/4.79 ultramarine violet (PV23RS) S I .193/11.59
.125/18.79
    PV37 6,7   dioxazine violet; dioxazine purple; lighfast warning (fades), though said to be more lightfast than PV23                                                                                                                        
    PV39 X   triphenylmethane violet; use a mixture of PB29 and PR122; artiscreation III; toxic                                                                                                                        
    PV55 ?   organic dimetho(cloro)xy-quinacridone; quinacridone purple; said to be closer to carbazole violet (PV23) than PV19 and PV29; no handprint entry; lightfast of 7,8 by Sun Chemical                                                                 quinacridone violet T I .063/7.50
.039/18.50
.034/33.00
                                               
  violet PV1 X   rhodamine violet; alternative: mixture of PB29 and PR122; toxic                                                                                                                        
    PV7 X   anthraquinone violet; alternative: mixture of PB29 and PR122                                                                                                                        
    PV10 X   cobalt violet; alternative: mixture of PB29 and PR122                                                                                                                        
    PV14 8,8   cobalt phosphate; cobalt violet, cobalt magenta; spectacular paint in broad wash applications — morning skies and magnified florals                                                                                                                        
  red violet  PV16 8,8   manganese ammonium pyrophosphate; manganese violet; consistent across paint manufacturers, most lightfast balanced purple pigment; can be mixed from PB29 with quinacridone rose (PV19) or quinacridone violet (PV19)                                                                                                                        
    PV49 8,8   cobalt ammonium phosphate; cobalt voilet; poor tinting strength but an attractive, unique hue                                                                                                                        
    PR259 ?   artiscreation I; no handprint lightfast test; dark to light bluish pink                                                                                                                        
  violet red PR22 ?   monoazo; naphthol red bright; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast III                                                                                                                 (in several paint mixtures)      
    PR60 X   disazo lake; alternative: PV19                                                                                                                        
    PR88 X   thioindigo violet; alternatives: PV19, PV29                                                                                                                        
    PR122 7,8 quinacridone magenta; quinacridone magenta; possible lightfast issues according to ASTM (dulls slightly, hue shift towards light mid red). artist paints T, but some may use O quinacridone violet T I .179/10.79
.114/22.91
                quinacridone rose deep T I .288/12.98
.181/36.28
.108/81.60
        permanent magenta T I 0.219/18.65 quinacridone
magenta
T I   quinacridone magenta T I --
.168/20.17
quinacridone magenta T I .059/7.00
.036/17.25
.032/30.50
quinacridone magenta T I .197/11.68
.137/32.47
.109/103.87
quinacridone magenta T I .094/7.55
.089/22.38
quinacridone magenta T I .163/9.65
.126/17.49
quinacridone violet S I .191/11.46 deep magenta T I .039/4.79 quinacridone magenta T I .193/11.59
.125/18.79
    PR146 ?   monoazo; naphthol; naphthol red AS; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast II-III; blueish shade red                                                                                                                 magenta red primary S I .193/11.59
.125/18.79
    PR171 8,8 benzimidazolone maroon; combine PR209 + PG7                                                                                                                        
    PR184 ?   monoazo, permanent rubine F6G; carmine red; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates II-III                                 (in magenta deep) SO I                                                                                  
    PR202 7,8 also called quinacridone magenta; middle of the hue span for the PV19s                                                                                                         carmine red T I .039/4.79        
    PR257 ?   heterocyclic nickel complex; red violet; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates I; blueish red                                 (in bordeaux red mix) O II                                                                                  
    PV191 8,8 1beta quinacridone, quinacridone violet, permanent magenta; (dulls, fades, shifts to blue) quinacridone magenta T I .179/10.79
.114/22.91
quinacridone violet T I .143/8.49 quinacridone violet S I .151/8.92
.116/17.43
.091/43.19
                        quinacridone
violet
T I   quinacridone violet T I --
.146/17.70
quinacridone purple T I .044/5.25
.025/12.25
.022/21.00
primary magenta SO I .177/10.49
.121/28.62
.096/91.41
quinacridone red violet T I .094/7.55
.089/22.38
quinacridone blue violet T I .163/9.65 primary red magenta S I .183/10.98                
quinacridone violet SO I .177/10.49
.121/28.62
.096/91.41
    PV32 6,7 benzimidazolone bordeaux; only fair lightfastness with tints in alkyd-melamine paints, but very good in inks                                                                                                                        
    PV42 6,7 quinacridone pink; quinacridone pink; intermediate between PV19 and PR122                                                                                                                        
    NR4 X   cochineal; alternative: PV19, PR202                                                                                                                        
    NR9 X   lake of madder, rubia tinctorium; alternative: PV19, PR122, PR202                                                                                                                        
  deep red PV192 6,7,8 2gamma quinacridone, quinacridone red/rose, quinacridone/permanent rose; (dulls, fades, shifts to blue) permanent rose T I .179/10.79
.114/22.91
quinacridone rose T I .143/8.49
.118/17.79
quinacridone red S I .151/8.92
.116/17.43
.091/43.19
                        quinacridone
red
ST I   quinacridone red T I .176/10.59
.146/17.70
quinacridone red T I .052/6.25
.032/15.25
.028/27.00
quinacridone red ST I .177/10.49
.121/28.62
.096/91.41
        quinacridone crimson T I .163/9.65         primary red T I .039/4.79        
    PV29 ? perylene violet; no handprint lightfast test, though ASTM rates it II (artiscreation I); dark dull red purple perylene violet T NT (A) .219/13.19                                                                                                                
    PR5 ?   synthetic naphthol ITR; naphthol red DK; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast II; bright light blueish red                                                                         naphthol red medium ST II .156/9.23
.106/25.19
.085/80.49
                                       
    PR23 X   naphthol AS carmine; alternatives: PR264, PR176                                                                                                                        
    PR83 X   1-, 2-dihydroxyanthraquinone lake; alizarin crimson; alternatives: PR179, PR122, PV19; psychological unique red         alizarin crimson T III .111/6.57
.089/13.35
                                                                                                       
    PR1082  8,8   2cadmium sulfoselenide; PR108:1 if it contains 15% or more of barium sulfate (some brands do not disclose this); very intense red orange and orange red to red and deep red cadmium red light O I .179/10.79 cadmium red light O I .196/11.61
.156/23.49
cadmium red light pure O I .209/12.37
.163/24.57
.129/61.28
cadmium red light O I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                        c.p. cadmium red light O I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
        cadmium red light O I .246/14.55
.171/40.38
.136/129.56
cadmium red light O I .132/10.63
.114/28.72
cadmium red light O I .232/13.71 cadmium red light O I .183/10.98         cadmium red light genuine S I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
cadmium red medium O I .179/10.79         cadmium red medium pure O I .209/12.37
.163/24.57
.129/61.28
cadmium red medium O I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                cadmium red medium O I   c.p. cadmium red medium O I

--
.226/27.13

cadmium red medium O I .246/14.55
.171/40.38
.136/129.56
cadmium red medium O I .132/10.63
.114/28.72
cadmium red medium O I .232/13.71         cadmium red medium genuine O I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
cadmium red deep O I .179/10.79 cadmium red deep O I .196/11.61 cadmium red extra deep pure O I .209/12.37
.163/24.57
.129/61.28
cadmium red deep O I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                cadmium red deep O I   c.p. cadmium red deep O I .273/16.38
.226/27.13
cadmium red dark O I .246/14.55
.171/40.38
.136/129.56
                cadmium red deep O I .183/10.98 cadmium red deep genuine O I .266/15.99
.169/25.49
                        cadmium red bordeaux O I .346/15.58
.207/41.48
.130/98.05
                                                                       
    PR1701 6,7   1naphthol AS carbamide F3RK; caution, marginally lightfast (fades); not good for mixtures, PR254 or PR179 more reliable; strong hue for nonrepresentational, colorist styles; more opaque versions are more lightfast naphthol red medium ST II .129/7.79
.083/16.67
        naphthol crimson (3RK?) S II .133/7.85
.102/15.34
.080/38.19
        permanent red deep SO I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
permanent carmine (3RK?) T II 0.219/18.65         naphthol red medium SO II --
.133/16.06
naphthol crimson (F3RK!) T I .040/4.75
.022/10.75
.019/18.00
        naphthol crimson (3RK?) S II .094/7.55
.089/22.38
naphthol red light (3RK?) S I .137/8.11         cadmium red deep hue (3RK?) S I .039/4.79        
    PR1702 X   2naphthol AS carbamide F5RK; carmine; alternatives: PR254, PR 179                                                                                                                        
    PR176 6,7 benzimidazolone carmine; carmine; caution only marginally lightfast (fades)                                                                                                                        
    PR177 3,6,7   anthraquinone red; caution only marginally lightfast by brand; see PR179 or PR176 for alternative; psychological unique red         anthraquinone red T I .143/8.49                                                                                                        
    PR178 6,7,8 perylene red; (fades slightly); artiscreation I                                                                                                                        
    PR179 7,8 perylene maroon; perylene maroon/red; similar to the less perm PR149; substitute for alizarin crimson but not the exact shade or chroma                         perylene maroon S I .288/12.98
.181/36.28
--
                alizarin
crimson hue
T I                                                                  
    PR216 X   pyranthrone red deep; alternatives: PR176, PR179; lighfastness varies by manufacturer (fades); dark deep red perylene maroon T NT (A) .219/13.19                                                                                                                
    PR264 6,7 diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole rubine; pure pigment hue is identical to PR176; caution lightfast by brand; use PR108 or PR179; psychological unique red                                 carmine red SO I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
        ruby O I                   pyrrole red dark O NA .222/13.15
.153/36.25
.122/116.26
        pyrrole crimson O NR .224/13.22
.169/23.44
                       
    PRN/A 6,7   quinacridone pyrrolidone; close to the psychological unique red; artiscreation II (dulls, fades)                                                         quinacridone scarlet T I .071/11.39
.168/20.17
                        quinacridone red orange T I .163/9.65                        
  black PBk1 X   aniline black; impermanent                                                                                                                        
    PBk6 8,8   soot from lamp burned petroleum or wax; lamp black; darkest valued, most opaque black, brown undertone; lamp black with a dark blue (PB15) and red violet (PV19) makes an effective stormy sky color; cool black         lamp black SO I .090/5.34                                                                                                        
    PBk7 8,8   carbon black mixed with lamp black; carbon black, lamp black; deep black with brown undertone                         carbon black O I 8.80
25.90
51.35
carbon black O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
anracite black T I 0.219/18.65         carbon black O I .109/6.59
.083/10.07
carbon black O I .028/3.35
.015/7.50
.013/12.50
carbon black O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
mars black O I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
.035/35.23
        ivory black O I .191/11.46         carbon black S I .133/7.99
.077/11.69
permanent black T I 0.219/18.65 carbon black T I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
.035/35.23
    PBk8 8,8   wood charcoal; charcoal gray, charcoal black; blueish to brownish                                                                                                                        
    PBk9 8,8   soot from burned animal bone; ivory black; brownish black ivory black O I   ivory black O I   ivory black O I                           ivory
black
O I   ivory black SO I   bone / ivory black O I .028/3.35
.015/7.50
.013/12.50
bone black O I           ivory black O I                          
    PBk11 8,8   ferrosoferric oxide; lunar black, mars black; bluish gray to black mars black O I .104/6.29
.074/14.87
.054/12.83
mars black O I .090/5.34
.072/10.86
mars black O I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
mars black O I .195/8.80
.129/25.90
.068/51.35
oxide black O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
                mars black O I .109/6.59
.083/10.07
iron oxide / mars black O I .033/3.90
.019/9.00
.016/15.50
mars black O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
        mars black O I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
mars black O I .191/11.46 mars black O I .039/4.79
.029/14.99
mars black S I .133/7.99
.077/11.69
    PBk28 ?   copper chromite; no handprint entry; artiscreation rate lighfast I; blueish black to jet black                         transoxide black S I .195/8.80
.129/25.90
.068/51.35
transparent black SO I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
                                                                               
    PBk312 7,8 2perylene black; this is the same pigment as the yellow green category; approximately the same hue as chromium oxide green (PG17), that becomes more apparent in tints (intense very dark bluish green); slight fading in the tint                                                 atrament black O II                                                                  
  grey PBk10 8,8   powdered graphite; graphite gray; used as a luminescent paint rather than a transparent, as its graphite shimmer will stand out; Dark gray with metallic sheen graphite grey O I .129/7.79                                                 graphite grey SO I --
.097/11.75
        graphite gray SO I .122/7.20
.078/18.47
.060/57.11
                                       
  white PW4 8,8   zinc oxide; chinese white, zinc white; many convenience paints formulated with zinc white fade markedly after a month of direct sunlight exposure; some dark pigments, such as iron blue (PB27) or dixoazine violet (PV23) become significantly less lightfast if mixed with; translucent         zinc white SO I .090/5.34                                 zinc white ST I   zinc mixing white SO I --
.083/10.07
        zinc white T I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.047/45.35
        transparent mixing white T I .104/6.15
--
.040/38.42
zinc white S I .126/7.56         zinc white O I .133/7.99
.077/11.69
    PW5 ?   inorganic barium sulfate and zinc sulfidelithopone; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast I; found in student grade paints                         tint white (+PW6) S I .195/8.80
.129/25.90
.068/51.35
tint white (+PW6) SO I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
                                                                               
    PW6:1 ?   titanium dioxide and ferric oxide; titanium white buff; grey/brownish off white; no handprint entry; artiscreation rates lightfast I;                                                         unbleached titanium O I --
.083/10.07
        titan buff O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.048/45.45
                                       
    PW6 6,7,8   titanium dioxide; titanium white; slightly brighter, cleaner white than chinese white; purest white titanium white O I .104/6.29
.074/14.87
.054/12.83
titanium white O I .090/5.34
.066/9.93
titanium white O I .096/5.70
.069/10.40
.048/22.72
.027/102.29
titanium white O I .195/8.80
.129/25.90
.068/51.35
titanium white O I 0.131/11.19
0.084/21.00
titanium white T I 0.219/18.65 titanium white O I   titanium white O I --
.083/10.07
titanium white O I .033/3.95
.019/9.00
.016/15.50
titanium white O I .113/6.71
.070/16.58
.048/45.35
titanium white O I .068/5.46
.046/11.72
.035/35.23
titanium white O I .104/6.15
.083/11.47
.040/38.42
titanium white O I .126/7.56 titanium white O I .039/4.79
.029/14.99
titanium white S I .133/7.99
.077/11.69
mixing white SO I .104/6.29
.074/14.87
.054/12.83
heavy body white SO I   warm white O I --
.083/10.07
tinting white O I .082/6.61
.063/15.83
    PW21 ?   synthetic barium sulfate; barium saulfate; not included in handprint; filler, extender, to improve handling, increase opacity; use protective gloves; reacts violently with aluminium powder; artiscreation I                                                                 (in several paints)                                                      
            Winsor Newton^ M. Graham Utrecht Lascaux Artist Lascaux Studio Lascaux Aquacryl Schminke Tri-Art Nova Golden Atelier Liquitex Maimeri Sennelier Charvin
          Single Pigments / Total Paint Colors (not including specialty) 62 / 74 (84%)
60ml tube, 200ml tube, 237ml jar
36 / 50 (72%)
2oz (59ml), 5oz (150ml) tubes
33 / 52 (63%)
59ml (2oz), 150ml (5oz), 473ml (16oz), 3700ml (gallon)
33 / 54 (61%)
45ml tube, 200ml tube, 750ml bottle
14 / 54 (25%)
85ml, 250ml, 500ml
17 / 24 (71%)
85ml
50 / 83 (60%)
55 / 91 (60%)
60ml tube, 120ml jar
33 / 56 (59%)
4oz (118ml), 16oz (473ml), 32oz (946ml), (3700ml) gallon, (18500ml) 5-gallon
62 / 109 (57%)
2oz (59ml) tube, 4oz (118ml) jar, 5oz (150ml) tube, 8oz (236ml) jar, 16oz (473ml) jar, 32oz (946ml) jar
37 / 71 (52%)
80ml tube, 250ml jar, 1000ml jar
46 / 92 (50%)
2oz (59ml) tube, 4.65oz (138ml) tube, 32oz (946ml) jar
34 / 68 (50%)
60ml
17 / 36 (47%)
120ml, 500ml
24 / 106 (22%)
60ml, 150ml

^ lightfast is ASTM; NT not tested; permanence AA highest, then A

I am finished with my research and do not intend to update this chart. Acrylic paint manufacturers sometimes change their formulas — and the prices represented here are certainly ephemeral — yet this chart may be a useful foundation for your own continued research.

Not all acrylic paint manufacturers are included — the first criteria was whether their single-pigment palettes came close to approximating the CMY|RGB color wheel. That said, just because the paint you are interested in is not on the list, that in itself is not a de facto judgement.


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